# 2024 – 1 Country A has 1500 units of labor and can produce two goods mufactures and food A s producers take

First Problem Set-Trade Competitiveness – 2024

1. Country A has 1500 units of labor and can produce two goods, mufactures and food. A’s producers take 5 units of labor to produce one unit of manufactures and 6 units to produce one unit of food. Country B has 1800 units of labor and takes 3 units of labor to produce one unit of manufactures and 9 units to produce one unit of food. Draw the production possibility frontiers for the two countries. Draw the world relative supply curve for manufactures. Would trade take place in between A and B in Adam Smith’s world? What good would A export? each acre of land and food is produced using only ffiteen hours of labor per acre of land. If the economy’s total resources are 1800 hours of labor and 180 acres of land, how much labor and land are allocated to manufacture and food production respectively? If the labor supply grows 5046, what happens to the allocation? 3. Using supply and demand analysis for manufactures and assuming Canada is a high priced producer compared to the US, draw the supply and demand curves for Canada and the US as well as the import demand and supply curves assuming free trade. 4. Luxembourg imports a good at a world price of \$10 each. The domestic supply curve is S = 50 +*where P is in Ecu and lEcu = \$1. Demand curve is D = 400 – 1OP. Draw demand and supply curves for this good and indicate how much is imported. System. Subsequently many other Japanese automobile companies adopted it. The net result waa the Japan’s automobile industry improved its productivity throughout this period relative to the US, which generally just kept up with inflation due to its already high rate of accumulated experience and relatively slow growth. Assume the Japanese industry started in 1955 with production of 100,000 cars per year and an initial cost of \$2,000 per car and that production (demand) grew 50% per year for the next five years and then 25% per year for the next ten years. If Japanese relative costs compared to the US dropped 20% for each doubling of accumulated experience (the total amount ever produced), in which year would Japanese costs equal US costs if the US cost per car in 1955 was %1W? (In your calculation, you can assume that for comparative purposes the US industry’s cost remained constant and would have remained constant even if they had supplied the Japanese market,) Given a real discount rate on Japanese government bonds of 6% during this period, by 1970 was the cost to Japan of protecting this industry recovered due to its improved long run productivity compared to having imported cars from the US? 2. Suppose at current factor prices a country’s manufactures use 60 hours of labor for 5. During the 1950s and 609, Mr. T. Ohno of Toyota developed the kan Production

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