2024 – 1 The rule that requires financial statements to reflect the assumption that the

The rule that requires financial statements to reflect the assumption that the business will continue operating instead of being closed or sold, unless evidence shows that it will not continue, is the: – 2024

1. The rule that requires financial statements to reflect the assumption that the business will continue operating instead of being closed or sold, unless evidence shows that it will not continue, is the:

Going-concern assumption.

Business entity assumption.

Objectivity principle.

Cost Principle.

Monetary unit assumption.

2. A partnership:

Is also called a sole proprietorship.

Has unlimited liability for its partners.

Has to have a written agreement in order to be legal.

Is a legal organization separate from its owners.

Has owners called shareholders.

3. The difference between a company’s assets and its liabilities, or net assets is:

Net income.




Net loss.

4. Which of the following accounting principles prescribes that a company record its expenses incurred to generate the revenue reported?

Going-concern assumption.

Matching principle.

Cost principle.

Business entity assumption.

Consideration assumption.

5. The primary objective of financial accounting is:

To serve the decision-making needs of internal users.

To provide financial statements to help external users analyze an organization’s activities.

To monitor and control company activities.

To provide information on both the costs and benefits of looking after products and services.

To know what, when, and how much to produce.

6. All of the following are true regarding ethics except:

Ethics are beliefs that separate right from wrong.

Ethics rules are often set for CPAs.

Ethics do not affect the operations or outcome of a company.

Are critical in accounting.

Ethics can be hard to apply.

7. Social responsibility:

Is a concern for the impact of our actions on society.

Is a code that helps in dealing with confidential information.

Is required by the SEC.

Requires that all businesses conduct social audits.

Is limited to large companies.

8. The accounting principle that requires accounting information to be based on actual cost and requires assets and services to be recorded initially at the cash or cash-equivalent amount given in exchange, is the:

Accounting equation.

Cost principle.

Going-concern assumption.

Realization principle.

Business entity assumption.

9. All of the following regarding a Certified Public Accountant are true except:

Must meet education and experience requirements.

Must pass an examination.

Must exhibit ethical character.

May also be a Certified Management Accountant.

Cannot hold any certificate other than a CPA.

10. Decreases in equity that represent costs of assets or services used to earn revenues are called:





Owner’s Investment.

11. The record in which transactions are first recorded is the:

Account balance.



Trial balance.

Cash account.

12. A collection of all accounts and their balances used by a business is called a:


Book of original entry.

General Journal.

Balance column journal.


13. A ledger is:

A record containing increases and decreases in a specific asset, liability, equity, revenue, or expense item.

A journal in which transactions are first recorded.

A collection of documents that describe transactions and events entering the accounting process.

A list of all accounts with their debit balances at a point in time.

A record containing all accounts and their balances used by a company.

14. The account used to record the transfers of assets from a business to its owner is:

A revenue account.

The owner’s withdrawals account.

The owner’s capital account.

An expense account.

A liability account.

15. If the Debit and Credit column totals of a trial balance are equal, then:

All transactions have been recorded correctly.

All entries from the journal have been posted to the ledger correctly.

All ledger account balances are correct.

The total debit entries and total credit entries are equal.

The balance sheet would be correct.

16. Source documents:

Include the ledger.

Are the sources of accounting information.

Must be in electronic form.

Are based on accounting entries.

Include the chart of accounts.

17. A report that lists accounts and their balances, in which the total debit balances should equal the total credit balances, is called a(n):

Account balance.

Trial balance.


Chart of accounts.

General Journal.

18. An asset created by prepayment of an expense is:

Recorded as a debit to an unearned revenue account.

Recorded as a debit to a prepaid expense account.

Recorded as a credit to an unearned revenue account.

Recorded as a credit to a prepaid expense account.

Not recorded in the accounting records until the earnings process is complete

19. A record in which the effects of transactions are first recorded and from which transaction amounts are posted to the ledger is a(n):


Trial balance.



Balance column account.

20. A balance column ledger account is:

An account entered on the balance sheet.

An account with debit and credit columns for posting entries and another column for showing the balance of the account after each entry is posted.

Another name for the withdrawals account.

An account used to record the transfers of assets from a business to its owner.

A simple form of account that is widely used in accounting to illustrate the debits and credits required in recording a transaction.

21. Financial statements are typically prepared in the following order:

Balance sheet, statement of owner’s equity, income statement.

Statement of owner’s equity, balance sheet, income statement.

Income statement, balance sheet, statement of owner’s equity.

Income statement, statement of owner’s equity, balance sheet.

Balance sheet, income statement, statement of owner’s equity

22. Assuming unearned revenues are originally recorded in balance sheet accounts, the adjusting entry to record earning of unearned revenue is:

Increase an expense; increase a liability.

Increase an asset; increase revenue.

Decrease a liability; increase revenue.

Increase an expense; decrease an asset.

Increase an expense; decrease a liability.

23. Adjusting entries made at the end of an accounting period accomplish all of the following except:

Updating liability and asset accounts to their proper balances.

Assigning revenues to the periods in which they are earned.

Assigning expenses to the periods in which they are incurred.

Assuring that financial statements reflect the revenues earned and the expenses incurred.

Assuring that external transaction amounts remain unchanged.

24. Prepaid expenses, depreciation, accrued expenses, unearned revenues, and accrued revenues are all examples of:

Items that require contra accounts.

Items that require adjusting entries.

Asset and equity.

Asset accounts.

Income statement accounts.

25. The difference between the cost of an asset and the accumulated depreciation for that asset is called

Depreciation Expense.

Unearned Depreciation.

Prepaid Depreciation.

Depreciation Value.

Book Value.

26. A balance sheet that places the liabilities and equity to the right of the assets is a(n):

Account form balance sheet.

Report form balance sheet.

Interim balance sheet.

Classified balance sheet.

Unclassified balance sheet.

27. The length of time covered by a set of periodic financial statements is referred to as the:

Fiscal cycle.

Natural business year.

Accounting period.

Business cycle.

Operating cycle.

28. The main purpose of adjusting entries is to:

Record external transactions and events.

Record internal transactions and events.

Recognize assets purchased during the period.

Recognize debts paid during the period.

29. Adjusting entries:

Affect only income statement accounts.

Affect only balance sheet accounts.

Affect both income statement and balance sheet accounts.

Affect only cash flow statement accounts.

Affect only equity accounts.

30. A trial balance prepared before any adjustments have been recorded is:

An adjusted trial balance.

Used to prepare financial statements.

An unadjusted trial balance.

Correct with respect to proper balance sheet and income statement amounts.

Only prepared once a year.




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