2024 – The screening process for detecting a rare disease is not perfect Researchers
Homework chap 9A – 2024
The screening process for detecting a rare disease is not perfect. Researchers have developed a blood test that is considered fairly reliable. It gives a positive reaction in 98% of the people who have that disease. However, it erroneously gives a positive reaction in 3% of the people who do not have the disease. Answer the following questions using the null hypothesis as “the individual does not have the disease.” 
a. 
What is the probability of Type I error? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) 
Probability 

b. 
What is the probability of Type II error? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) 
Probability 

2.
Consider the following hypotheses: 
H_{0}: μ ≤ 12.6 
H_{A}: μ > 12.6 
A sample of 25 observations yields a sample mean of 13.4. Assume that the sample is drawn from a normal population with a known population standard deviation of 3.2. Use Table 1. 
a. 
Calculate the pvalue. (Round “z” value to 2 decimal places and final answer to 4 decimal places.) 
pvalue 

b. 
What is the conclusion if α = 0.10? 






c. 
Calculate the pvalue if the above sample mean was based on a sample of 100 observations. (Round “z” value to 2 decimal places and final answer to 4 decimal places.) 
pvalue 

d. 
What is the conclusion if α = 0.10? 






3.
Consider the following hypotheses: 
H_{0}: μ ≥ 150 
H_{A}: μ < 150 
A sample of 80 observations results in a sample mean of 144. The population standard deviation is known to be 28. Use Table 1. 
a. 
What is the critical value for the test with α = 0.01 and with α = 0.05? (Negative values should be indicated by a minus sign. Round your answers to 2 decimal places.) 

Critical Value 
α = 0.01 

α = 0.05 


b1. 
Calculate the value of the test statistic. (Negative value should be indicated by a minus sign. Round intermediate calculations to 4 decimal places. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) 
Test statistic 

b2. 
Does the above sample evidence enable us to reject the null hypothesis at α = 0.01? 






c. 
Does the above sample evidence enable us to reject the null hypothesis at α = 0.05? 






4.
Consider the following hypotheses: 
H_{0}: μ = 1,800 
H_{A}: μ ≠ 1,800 
The population is normally distributed with a population standard deviation of 440. Compute the value of the test statistic and the resulting pvalue for each of the following sample results. For each sample, determine if you can “reject/do not reject” the null hypothesis at the 10% significance level. Use Table 1.(Negative values should be indicated by a minus sign. Round intermediate calculations to 4 decimal places. Round “test statistic” values to 2 decimal places and “pvalue” to 4 decimal places.) 


Test Statistic 
pvalue 

a. 
= 1,850; n = 110 



b. 
= 1,850; n = 280 



c. 
= 1,650; n = 32 



d. 
= 1,700; n = 32 



rev: 08_21_2013_QC_33738 
5.
Consider the following hypotheses: 
H_{0}: μ = 120 
H_{A}: μ ≠ 120 
The population is normally distributed with a population standard deviation of 46. Use Table 1. 
a. 
Use a 5% level of significance to determine the critical value(s) of the test. (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) 
Critical value(s) 
± 
b1. 
Calculate the value of the test statistic with = 132 and n = 50. (Round intermediate calculations to 4 decimal places. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) 
Test statistic 

b2. 
What is the conclusion at α = 0.05? 






c. 
Use a 10% level of significance to determine the critical value(s) of the test. (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) 
Critical value(s) 
± 
d1. 
Calculate the value of the test statistic with = 108 and n = 50. (Negative value should be indicated by a minus sign. Round intermediate calculations to 4 decimal places. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) 
Test statistic 

d2. 
What is the conclusion at α = 0.10? 






6.
A local bottler in Hawaii wishes to ensure that an average of 16 ounces of passion fruit juice is used to fill each bottle. In order to analyze the accuracy of the bottling process, he takes a random sample of 48 bottles. The mean weight of the passion fruit juice in the sample is 15.80 ounces. Assume that the population standard deviation is 0.8 ounce. Use Table 1. 

Use the critical value approach to test the bottler’s concern at α = 0.05. 
a. 
Select the null and the alternative hypotheses for the test. 






b1. 
Calculate the value of the test statistic. (Negative value should be indicated by a minus sign. Round intermediate calculations to 4 decimal places. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) 
Test statistic 

b2. 
Find the critical value(s). (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) 
Critical value(s) 
± 
b3. 
What is the conclusion? 






c. 
Make a recommendation to the bottler. 
The accuracy of the bottling process is . 
7.
Access the hourly wage data on the below Excel Data File (Hourly Wage). An economist wants to test if the average hourly wage is less than $22. 
a. 
Select the null and the alternative hypotheses for the test. 






b. 
Use the Excel function Z.TEST to calculate the pvalue. Assume that the population standard deviation is $6. (Round your answer to 4 decimal places.) 
pvalue 

c. 
At α = 0.05 what is the conclusion? 






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